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Why is the ratio and turn ratio in the transformer test different?

Under normal circumstances, everyone thinks that the turn ratio of the transformer is the transformer ratio, or the ratio is the turn ratio, but is the actual situation like this? Let us start with the concept of transformer ratio and the turn ratio.


The transformer turns ratio is the ratio of the number of primary turns (that is, the number of turns of the coil) to the number of secondary turns. The turns ratio is proportional to the voltage ratio. For example, the ratio of 220 volts to 10 volts is 220:10, and the turns ratio should also be 220:10. For example, the primary is 2200 laps, and the secondary should be 100 laps. The multi-turn ratio is the number of turns and the primary corresponding to the secondary output.


The transformer ratio is the ratio of the voltage or current between the primary winding and the secondary winding. For example, the input voltage of the primary winding of the transformer is 110kV, and the output voltage of the secondary winding is 11kV, then the transformer ratio is 10


According to the formula, the theoretical ratio is the turns ratio. However, in practice, the turns ratio is determined by the ratio, the secondary required power (copper loss), and the magnetic flux of the core silicon steel sheet. Because the voltage transformer has the core loss and the excitation current, in order to ensure the accuracy, it needs to be compensated, that is, the reduction compensation, so the ratio is generally greater than the turns ratio. Assuming that a transformer (voltage transformer is a transformer) requires a ratio of 10/1, then the turns ratio cannot be 10/1 (eg primary 100 laps, secondary 10 laps). Maybe 9/1, such as the primary 90 laps, the secondary 10 laps; or the primary 100 laps, the secondary 11 laps, which is 9/1, because the purpose is to make the secondary actual voltage slightly higher than the theoretical value. . In this sense, 10/1 is greater than 9/1, so the ratio is greater than the turns ratio.


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